Knowing poker terminology is an imperative part of mastering Poker. This comprehensive list of terms will help you improve your game while sitting at the table.
When a player bets/places all of their chips in the pot.
A flush that is completed using both the turn and river cards. EX: You hold J-♥, the flop reveals Q-♥ and 2-♥. The turn reveals 7-♥ and the river reveals 3-♥. You have successfully completed a backdoor flush.
When a player with the higher statistical odds of winning is beaten by an opponent.
The second player to the left of the dealer has to bet this amount of chips at the start of a round. The amount of the Big Blind is equivalent to the minimum bet.
Generic term referring to the Small and Big Blind. The player left of the dealer is the Small Blind, next to him is the Big Blind.
The cards on the table that each player utilizes along with their pocket cards to create the best hand.
The top card is discarded or burned at the start of each betting round.
The button refers to the dealer's position. The dealer acts last in each hand.
The cost to enter a completion. The minimum monetary amount necessary to sit at that table.
To call is to match a bet or match a raise.
The ability to continue the hand without raising granted the player before you didn’t raise.
When a player checks on their first betting opportunity and raises in any later bet during that same betting round.
When a player calls two or more bets in the same turn. EX: A pot has been bet and raised prior to reaching you and you then call. Calling the two previous moves is a cold call.
Ordered pocket cards. Ex: A 7 of Spades and 8 of hearts would be connectors. Had they been the same suit they would be suited connectors.
The face up cards on the table that each player utilizes along with their pocket cards to create the best hand.
The position that is to the direct right of the button.
The individual who is tasked with shuffling the cards and dealing the cards to each player.
The button which indicates the dealer. It is passed clockwise after each hand.
When a player has an incomplete hand that requires further cards to become valuable.
The card that transforms a losing hand into a winning hand.
Drawing dead means that there is no chance of winning a particular hand and you are unable to create a hand with the river cards.
The first three community cards that are displayed after the first betting round.
A hand consisting of five cards with the same suit.
The act of giving up a hand by placing your cards face down on the table. Any bets that you have made are forfeited to the pot. Players fold when they believe opposing players have a better hand or your hand is too weak to compete.
FOUR OF A KIND
A hand consisting of four of the same ranked cards.
Three Cards of the Same Rank & Two Cards of Another Rank
Five cards, a mix of community cards and a player's pocket cards.
Playing against only one other player.
When a player and their opponent are unable to make any hands with the community cards and their pocket cards, the player with the highest valued card wins the showdown.
Implied odds are the pot odds that determine whether the pot is worth raising, calling, or folding.
The kicker is the card that is not being used to create the hand, if players have the same hand the player with the higher kicker wins.
The two players to the right of the dealer as they act last.
Another word for calling.
A game style where bets and raises are capped at a certain amount.
Slang term for calling in a non aggressive manner.
All of the cards that have been discarded. When folding a player tosses their cards into the muck.
A game style in which players can bet up to any amount. There is a minimum to play, however no maximum.
The best possible hand a player can have at that stage of the game: flop, turn, river.
When you hold pocket cards of different suits.
When you hold a pair that is larger than any community card on the board.
The required card to complete a straight appears on the outside of the structure. Ex: community cards are 4-5-Jack, you hold the 6-7, you need a 3 or an 8 to complete the open-ended straight. An open-ended straight is twice as likely to hit compared to a straight.
After each player has served as dealer for a hand and the button returns to you. Every time the button completes the rotation is an orbit.
An out is any card that will complete our hand in that given round.
Over-cards are community cards that rank higher than our pocket pair. Ex: You hold J-J and the flop reveals Q-7-8. The queen is considered an over-card in this instance as it is higher than your J-J.
Two Cards that have the same rank.
The cards in your hand that are not the community cards.
The central portion of the table where wagered chips are placed. The winner receives all of the chips in the pot at the end of the hand.
A player's inability to fold due to the current pot odds. Ex: Having bet a significant amount already shows pot commitment.
This is a style of gameplay where the max bet can equal the pot.
Four of a kind.
A flop that contains three different suits.
Chips taken from the pot by the cardroom for hosting the game.
A non tournament game played with real money.
The last card given/turned over in all games. It also goes by 5th street.
A tight and passive player.
An increase on the previous bet.
Ten, Jack, Queen, King, Ace. All of the Same Suit.
A bet with an inferior hand with the ability to improve later in the round.
Three of a kind created with a pocket pair.
A significant amount of chips less than your competition. Ex: You have $10 and your opponents each have $100.
The cards that are shown after the final betting round. The cards are compared to determine the winner.
A side pot occurs once a player is all in and others continue to bet. The short stack is only able to win up to his all in amount x the amount of players still in. If players continue to bet on top of this the resulting amount will be a side pot between the players who still have chips.
A tournament that begins as soon as the tournament registry is full. Often abbreviated as SNG.
When a player decides to sit out for a few hands and leave the table. If a player misses more than two rounds of blinds they will be removed from the table.
The act of playing a strong hand weakly so that other players continue adding to the pot. This is also known as sandbagging.
The player immediately to the left of the dealer has to bet this amount of chips at the start of a round. The amount of the small blind is normally half of the big blind.
Players with equivalent hands will share or split the pot.
A straddle is the action of raising the blind before cards have been dealt.
A string bet is an illegal move where a player makes an initial bet and attempts to place more chips into the pot after the first chips have been placed.
Five Consecutive Cards.
Five Consecutive Cards. All of the Same Suits.
An action that displays to your opponent what cards you are holding or vice versa.
A state of poor play due to emotions. Players on tilt often play looser, more aggressive, and display poor decision making processes.
A player can request time to suspend play. Time can be called to ponder a decision.
A pair with the highest winning card on the board. Ex: You hold J-2 The flop shows J-4-6, you have a top pair with the J-J combination.
A Poker competition, typically tournaments have an entry fee and prizes.
Trips is another term for three of a kind.
The turn is the fourth card that is flipped.
UNDER THE GUN
The first or earliest person to act.